"Buca di Uri" (Unerloch),
the first alpine road tunnel
1st St.Gotthard road,
under the Kirchberg!
Some Old Tunnels
Tunnel Tunnel type, notes Length Year of construction
Under Eufrate river Pedestrian tunnel   2500 B.C.
Gihon - Siloa, Israel Water supply, Jerusalem. 4 - 5 m2 535 m 800 - 700 B.C.
Galleria del Fucino, Italy Water supply, 4 m x 2.5 m 5 650 m  
Grotta Vecchia di Posillipo, Italy Pedestrian tunnel near Posillipo (Neaples) 690 m 36 B.C.
Galleria del Furlo, Italy Road tunnel, At Furlo Pass, on Via Flaminia, . 5.47 m x 5.95 m 38 m 76 D.C.
Menilmontant, France Drain in Paris (Diameter 2.2 m) 468 m - 1370
Buco di Viso, France - Italy 2 m high, 2.5 m wide tunnel, 2882 m above sea level 75 m 1476 - 1484
Pertuso di Touilles (Italy, over Susa) 1.8 m high water tunnel near Chiomonte, built by only one person, Colombano Romean 450 m 1526 - 1533
Tunnel of Malpas, France Canal du Midi, Navigation canal 173 m 1680 - 1681
1st. Gotthard Buca d'Uri, Road tunnel 64 m 1707 - 1708
The Great Ring Sewer Sanitation, Paris (2 m) 6 128 m - 1740
Neutor, Austria Mönchsberg in Salzburg (road, still in use) 131 m 1765 - 1767
Harecastle, UK Grand Trunk, Canal tunnel (3 m) 2 675 m 1766 - 1777
San Nicolao, near Susa, Italy The first tunnel against avalanches to protect railway line Fell 177 m 1775 - 1779
Sapperton, UK Tunnel on Thames&Severn Canal 3 490 m 1784 - 1789
Lapal, UK Canal tunnel (1.9 m) 3 570 m - 1798
Tronquoy, France Canal de St. Quentin (7.9 m), "Le Petit Souterrain" 1 097 m 1795 - 1803
Bony Canal de St. Quentin (8 m), "Le Grand Souterrain" 5 677 m 1802 - 1810
Standedge, UK Huddersfield narrow Canal 4 840 m 1794 - 1811
St-Christophe, France Road tunnel (8 m) 294 m - 1813
Orwigsburg, USA Water tunnel, Pennsylvania 137 m - 1821
Wapping, UK Railway tunnel, Liverpool - Manchester 2 030 m - 1826
Union Canal, USA Canal tunnel 222 m 1825 - 1827
Edge Hill, UK Railway tunnel, Liverpool - Manchester 1 006 m 1826 - 1830
Pouilly-en-Auxois, France Canal de Bourgogne 3 333 m 1825 - 1832
Terre Noire, France Railway tunnel 1 298 m 1827 - 1832
Glenfield, UK Railway tunnel, Leicester - Swannington 1 610 m 1828 - 1832
Pennsylvania, USA Railway tunnel, Alleghenny mountains m - 1833
Kilsby, UK Railway tunnel, London - Birmingham 2 190 m 1834 - 1838
Box tunnel, UK World's longest railway tunnel (Bristol - Bath) 2 939 m 1836 - 1841
Thames tunnel, UK 1st River Crossing, London 350 m 1826 - 1843
Atlantic Avenue, USA Railway tunnel, Brooklyn 900 m - 1844
Le Lioran, France Road tunnel (6.5 m) 1 414 m - 1847
Woodhead, UK Sheffield - Manchester line
2nd tube
New Woodhead tunnel
4 848 m
4 840 m
4 888 m
1836 - 1845
- 1852
- 1953
Standedge, UK Railway tunnel, London - Northwestern 4 880 m 1846 - 1849
Paw Paw tunnel, USA Canal (Height 7.3 m) 950 m 1836 - 1850
Semmering, Austria Railway Wienna - Trieste 1 434 m 1848 - 1854
Hauenstein, Switzerland Railway Basel - Liestal 2 496 m 1854 - 1858
Brockville and Ottawa 1st tunnel in Canada, Brockville, Ontario 527 m 1854 - 1860
Bergen, USA Double track railway tunnel   1856 - 1861
Lyttelton, New Zealand New Zealand's first railway tunnel 2 400 m 1860 - 1867
Washington Street, USA River crossing Chicago 510 m - 1869
Tower Subway, UK Pedestrian tunnel ( 2 m) Thames 410 m 1868 - 1870
Broadway, USA Subway tunnel, New York   1869 - 1870
Mont Cenis, France - ItaIy (Fréjus) 1st transalpine rail tunnel (Since 1881: 13 690 m) 12 200 m 1857 - 1871
Hoosac, USA Railway tunnel (First commersial use of nitroglycerine) 7 750 m 1851 - 1875
Bewdley, England Great Western Railway 1 800 m 1876 - 1877
Marseille Canal, France Water supply 18 000 m 1840 - 1880
Kurikoyama, Japan Road tunnel 868 m - 1880
St. Gotthard, Switzerland Railway tunnel 15 003 m 1872 - 1882
Col de Tende, France - Italy Old railway tunnel (Today: N 204 - SS20) 3 186 m - 1882
Arlberg, Austria Railway tunnel 10 249 m 1880 - 1884
Hudson River, USA Subaqueous railway tunnel 1 730 m 1874 - 1885
Severn, England - Wales Subaqueous railway tunnel (double line) 7 008 m 1872 - 1886
River Mersey, England Subaqueous railway tunnel, Liverpool   -1888
Shiquiling, China First tunnel in China 261 m 1887 - 1890
St. Clair River, Canada - USA 1st subaqueous railroad tunnel in America 1 835 m 1884 - 1891
Glenbrook, Australia Railway, Blue Mountains 634 m 1891 - 1892
East River, USA 36-inch diameter gas main and a railway track 790 m 1892 - 1894
Swan View, Australia Railway, abandoned 1966 340 m 1894 - 1895
Chedde, France 1st hydro-electric gallery (3 m) 1 800 m - 1896
First Blackwall, UK River crossing, Thames London (road) 1 890 m 1892 - 1897
Eidfjordvatnet, Norway First Road tunnel in Norway (3.3 m) 25 m  
Kårdal, Norway First Road tunnel in Sogn og Fjordane, Norway 90 m - 1898
Simplon Tunnel The World's longest tunnel (until 1982) 19 803 m 1898 - 1906
Line No 1, France Metro Paris (7.5 m) 10 300 m 1898 - 1900
Detroit river, Windsor, Canada - USA The World's first immersed tunnel (railway)   - 1910
Der Alte Elbtunnel, D River crossing Hamburg 2 x 449 m 1907 - 1911
 
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This page was last modified on March 08, 2008